What is msconfig?
Msconfig stands for Microsoft Configuration. “Msconfig” is a tool to allow you to choose what programs run on startup, view system services, access System Restore, and perform a diagnostic startup to troubleshoot an issue.
To access msconfig, click on start, or the Windows logo, then on run, and type msconfig. Hit enter and the System Configuration Utility will load up. There will be a number of tabs, usually labeled as such:
And these might look like a foreign language to you. No need to worry; we will explain what these tabs mean.
General – Gives you a choice from either a normal, diagnostic, or selective startup. There is also a shortcut to System Restore here. Normalis normal startup on next boot, diagnostic loads all basic drivers and services only, and selective only loads those services you specify. Handy if your computer keeps crashing and you need to isolate the problem.
System, Win, and Boot are reserved for boot settings for older operating systems. You will not usually be changing the settings here.
Services – A list of all the services that will run on your computer when you boot up. It is not usually required to disable any of the services, however occasionally you may need to deactivate a service that is giving you trouble. For instance if you have a malware infection and need to isolate the culprit, this is a god place to start.
Startup – A list of all the programs that run on startup. Programs are much more resource intensive than services, so disable everything here you do not want or need. Please note some windows programs have not so obvious names, so if you are unsure about a program, Google it first. Disabling the wrong program here could make your system unstable.
Tools – A neat little shortcut list with all of the most commonly used Windows tools. Tools like command prompt, event viewer, registry editor, system information, and task manager can be accessed from here.