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How to Set Up a Wireless Router

April 4th, 2012 | Posted by admin in Networking

How to Set Up a Wireless Router

Setting up your new wireless router can seem complicated at first, however once you have done it once, it becomes quite easy.  Setting up a router successfully can be done by anyone, provided they follow the correct steps.

You will first need to know the following:

SSID – Service Set Identifier.  Your Set Service Identifier is your network name.  If you have ever connected to a wireless network before, you have selected the network based upon its name, or SSID.  People commonly select SSID’s they will remember, such as “Jim’s Network”, or “Free Public Wi-Fi” if you are at a restaurant or similar establishment that provides free internet service.

Encryption Type – Typically you are allowed to choose between WEP, WPA and WPA2 Encryption standards.  WEP is the oldest standard, and is easily cracked with brute force attacks.  Choose this option only if you must, and make sure to pick a long password.  WPA and WPA2 are newer, and much more secure.

Pass Phrase – This is also known as the “encryption key” or password.  This is frequently confused with the router password.  The pass phrase or encryption key is authorizes a network printer or additional network device to join with the wireless router.  These keys are generated by encrypting any phrase you choose.  You can usually choose between 8-63 characters, and may sometimes use spaces, like “I’m a talking dinosaur”. In this example spaces count.  The result is usually something similar to”13kyp9096!&t8″.  All you have to do then is type the original phrase in to authorize any network device, unencrypted of course.

In order to proceed, you will need to know the following:

1. The routers IP address.
2. The routers username and password.

IP Address

The routers IP address usually looks something like, or  The documentation that comes with the router should contain the IP address.  If it does not, a quick search with the make and model of the router should yield the IP address.  Once you have it, type it into your web browsers address bar and type enter.  A login screen should popup prompting you for the username and password of the router.

Username and Password

The username and password generally defaults to “admin” and “password” respectively, if this does not work a quick search is in order.  If you have an older router, a hard reset may be necessary if you don’t know the password.  Performing a hard reset is usually pretty straight forward, usually involves poking a paper clip into a small hole in the back of the router and holding it for 10 to 15 seconds. This will return the router to its factory state.

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